I am seeing a lot of ^M symbols in my file. I tried setting the

‘fileformat’ option to ‘dos’ and then ‘unix’ and then ‘mac’. None of these helped. How can I hide these symbols? When a file is loaded in Vim, the format of the file is determined as below: - If all the lines end with a new line (<NL>), then the fileformat is ‘unix’. - If all the lines end with a carriage return (<CR>) followed by a new line (<NL>), then the fileformat is ‘dos’. - If all the lines end with carriage return (<CR>), then the fileformat is ‘mac’. If the file has some lines ending with <CR> and some lines ending with <CR> followed by a <NL>, then the fileformat is set to ‘unix’. You can change the format of the current file, by saving it explicitly in dos format:

    :w ++ff=dos

To display the format of the current file, use

    :set fileformat?

The above behavior is also controlled by the ‘fileformats’ option. You can try the following commands:

    :set fileformats+=unix

    :e 

    :set fileformat=unix

    :w

To remove the carriage return (<CR>) character at the end of all the lines in the current file, you can use the following command:

    :%s/\r$//

To force Vim to use a particular file format, when editing a file, you can use the following command:

    :e ++ff=dos filename

23.1 ++ff

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