Compare Bottle and web2py

Bottle is a fast, simple and lightweight WSGI micro web-framework for Python. It is distributed as a single file module and has no dependencies other than the Python Standard Library.

web2py was originally designed as a teaching tool, but it gained adoption outside of the academic world. It is a full-stack framework containing all the components needed to build fully functional web applications using the Model View Controller (MVC) pattern. Inspired by the Ruby on Rails and Django. It is not very popular right now but was ranked amongst top Python web frameworks in 2011.

Let's see how Bottle and web2py compare on various factors and features and which to choose when.

Bottle

web2py

Overall

Type

Type
Python microframework for building web applications.
Type
Python full-stack for building web applications.

Author

Release Date

Release Date
2009
Release Date
2007

Website

Website
Website
Adoption and Ease of Use

Popularity [?]

Popularity [?]
0.5 Star
Used by 11,000 projects.
Popularity [?]
0.5 Star
Used by 36 projects.

Used by

Used by
No data.
Used by
Not in use at any large company.

Jobs [?]

Jobs [?]
0.5 Star
74 job openings which list Bottle as a requirement.
Jobs [?]
0.5 Star
8 job openings which list web2py as a requirement.

Performance [?]

Performance [?]
5 Stars
Very fast. Extensions could impact performance adversely.
Performance [?]
3 Stars
Web2py takes a unique approach where models and controllers are executed in a single global environment, which is initialized at each HTTP request. While there are pros to this approach, such as developers never having to worry about cleaning up or avoid conflict between requests, the major disadvantage is that the code is models is executed with every request which carries a performance penalty.

Flexibility

Flexibility
5 Stars
Very flexible and extremely simple. Doesn't force anything on developers.
Flexibility
3 Stars
Not as flexible as microframeworks, but doesn't always get in the way.

Ease of Learning

Ease of Learning
5 Stars
Straightforward and easy to learn. It has a good amount of tutorials online.
Ease of Learning
2 Stars
Limited online tutorials and resources, and many are several years old. The best resource for learning is web2py author's own "web2py Complete Reference Manual", which seems to be written in 2013.
Database Support

RDBMS Support

RDBMS Support
Through Plugins or Extensions
Through Plugins or Extensions
No built-in ORM framework. Leaves it up to developers to choose a library like SQLAlchemy or extensions such as Macaron.
RDBMS Support
Built-in Support
Built-in
Ships with a Database Abstraction Layer (DAL) which supports MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and many other relational databases.

NoSQL Support

NoSQL Support
No built-in support but 3rd party Python libraries like PyMongo or Bottle-Mongo can be used to talk to NoSQL databases.
NoSQL Support
No built-in support. Very limited support for NoSQL databases. Currently, it only supports Google Datastore on the Google App Engine.
Web & Core Features

Admin Dashboard

Admin Dashboard
Through Plugins or Extensions
Through Plugins or Extensions
No built-in admin panel.
Admin Dashboard
Built-in Support
Built-in
Yes ships with a built-in admin panel.

REST Support

REST Support
No built-in support but can be implemented easily.
REST Support
Has some support.

Security

Security
No built-in protection. Bottle is a minimalist framework. Must be handled by developers themselves or by using 3rd party extensions.
Security
Built-in protection against input injections, XSS, and common vulnerabilities. Read more here. It has known security vulnerabilities. Please see list here.

Templating Library

Templating Library
Fast and pythonic built-in template engine and support for mako, jinja2 and cheetah templating languages.
Templating Library
Uses custom web2py templating language out of the box.

Web Forms

Web Forms
No built-in support.
Web Forms
Built-in support. Read more here.

Authentication

Authentication
Using a plugin such as Bottle-Cork
Authentication
Includes a Role Based Access Control mechanism (RBAC), which is sufficient for many use cases.

Testing

Testing
Using WebTest and Nose.
Testing
Can be done using Python's unittest framework or using the doctest.

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