Compare Bottle and TurboGears

Bottle is a fast, simple and lightweight WSGI micro web-framework for Python. It is distributed as a single file module and has no dependencies other than the Python Standard Library.

TurboGears was born as a full stack layer on top of Pylons, and many other disparate libraries and middleware. It is now a standalone WSGI web framework designed around MVC architecture inspired by Ruby on Rails and provides all the features developes need for web development. It can also run in minimal mode and act like a microframework such as Flask.

Let's see how Bottle and TurboGears compare on various factors and features and which to choose when.

Bottle

TurboGears

Overall

Type

Type
Python microframework for building web applications.
Type
A full-stack web application framework for Python.

Author

Author

Release Date

Release Date
2009
Release Date
2005

License

License
License

Website

Website
Website
Adoption and Ease of Use

Popularity [?]

Popularity [?]
1.5 Stars
Used by 14,000 projects.
Popularity [?]
0.5 Star
Used by 500 projects.

Used by

Used by
No data.
Used by
Used at SourceForge, Fedora Community and other smaller companies.

Jobs [?]

Jobs [?]
1 Star
74 job openings which list Bottle as a requirement.
Jobs [?]
0 Stars
3 job openings which list TurboGears in the job description.

Performance [?]

Performance [?]
5 Stars
Very fast. Extensions could impact performance adversely.
Performance [?]
2.5 Stars
Not as performant as barebones or even fullstack frameworks. Extensions could impact performance adversely.

Flexibility

Flexibility
5 Stars
Very flexible and extremely simple. Doesn't force anything on developers.
Flexibility
4.5 Stars
Developers can use TurboGears as a microframework which is very flexible. However, as you start building towards a fullstack solution, it does expect things to be done in a certain way.

Ease of Learning

Ease of Learning
5 Stars
Straightforward and easy to learn. It has a good amount of tutorials online.
Ease of Learning
5 Stars
Has a learning but since it uses a lot of exisitng 3rd party libraries it becomes are little easier to onboard. It also has a decent amount of tutorials online.
Database Support

RDBMS Support

RDBMS Support
Through Plugins or Extensions
Through Plugins or Extensions
No built-in ORM framework. Leaves it up to developers to choose a library like SQLAlchemy or extensions such as Macaron.
RDBMS Support
Built-in Support
Built-in
Ships with SQLAlchemy with Master Slave load Balancing. Before TurboGears v2, the ORM used as SQLObject.

NoSQL Support

NoSQL Support
No built-in support but 3rd party Python libraries like PyMongo or Bottle-Mongo can be used to talk to NoSQL databases.
NoSQL Support
Supports MongoDB out of the box using Ming ORM. Ming ORM was developed to look like SQLAlchemy so it's easier for developers familiar with SQLAlchemy to start using it.
Web & Core Features

Admin Dashboard

Admin Dashboard
Through Plugins or Extensions
Through Plugins or Extensions
No built-in admin panel.
Admin Dashboard
Built-in Support
Built-in
Built-in admin panel.

REST Support

REST Support
No built-in support but can be implemented easily.
REST Support
Built-in support using tg.controllers.RestController. Read this guide to implement.

Security

Security
No built-in protection. Bottle is a minimalist framework. Must be handled by developers themselves or by using 3rd party extensions.
Security
Little built-in protection. Must be handled by developers themselves or by using 3rd party extensions.

Templating Library

Templating Library
Fast and pythonic built-in template engine and support for mako, jinja2 and cheetah templating languages.
Templating Library
Ships with internally developed Kajiki templating engine, but supports multiple templating engine including Genshi.

Web Forms

Web Forms
No built-in support.
Web Forms
TurboGears relies on ToscaWidgets2 for building and validating forms.

Authentication

Authentication
Using a plugin such as Bottle-Cork
Authentication
Ships with repoze.who which is an authentication and identity framework for WSGI applications. Read more here.

Testing

Testing
Using WebTest and Nose.
Testing
Using Nose. Read more here.

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