Compare Falcon and web2py
Falcon is a minimalist WSGI library for building web APIs, app backends and microservices. Compared to Django and Flask, it is fast, extensible, reliable, and encourages RESTful style. It doesn't come with batteries included and is ideal for applications that require a high level of customization. The fminimalist design allows developers to select the best strategies and 3rd-party packages from the Python ecosystem.
web2py was originally designed as a teaching tool, but it gained adoption outside of the academic world. It is a full-stack framework containing all the components needed to build fully functional web applications using the Model View Controller (MVC) pattern. Inspired by the Ruby on Rails and Django. It is not very popular right now but was ranked amongst top Python web frameworks in 2011.
Let's see how Falcon and web2py compare on various factors and features and which to choose when.
The minimalist REST and app backend framework for Python with a focus on reliability, correctness, and performance at scale.
Python full-stack for building web applications.
LinkedIn, Leadpages, Wargaming, and Rackspace.
Not in use at any large company.
100 job openings which list Falcon as a requirement.
8 job openings which list web2py as a requirement.
Very fast, even when compared to microframeworks like Flask. See the benchmarks
. *Caution* - The benchmarks are from the vendor itself.
Web2py takes a unique approach where models and controllers are executed in a single global environment, which is initialized at each HTTP request. While there are pros to this approach, such as developers never having to worry about cleaning up or avoid conflict between requests, the major disadvantage is that the code is models is executed with every request which carries a performance penalty.
Very flexible. Ideal for applications that require a high degree of customization and performance tuning.
Not as flexible as microframeworks, but doesn't always get in the way.
Ease of Learning
Has a slight learning curve but there are some great online resources, courses tutorials and YouTube videos.
Ease of Learning
Limited online tutorials and resources, and many are several years old. The best resource for learning is web2py author's own "web2py Complete Reference Manual"
, which seems to be written in 2013.
Doesn't ship with one but developers can use the database library of their choice such as SQLAlchemy.
Ships with a Database Abstraction Layer (DAL) which supports MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and many other relational databases.
Doesn't come with built-in libraries but makes it easy for developers to use library of their choice such as MongoEngine to interact with MongoDB.
No built-in support. Very limited support for NoSQL databases. Currently, it only supports Google Datastore on the Google App Engine.
Through Plugins or Extensions
Does not ship with a web-based admin.
Yes ships with a built-in admin panel.
Encourages the REST architectural style by design. Resource classes implement HTTP method handlers that resolve requests and perform state transitions.
No built-in protection but minimal attack surface for writing secure APIs
Built-in protection against input injections, XSS, and common vulnerabilities. Read more here
. It has known security vulnerabilities. Please see list here
Doesn't ship with one but developers can use Jinja2 or Mako.
Built-in support. Read more here
Not built-in but can be easily extended using authentication middlewares like falcon-auth2
Support using unittest and pytest. Read more here
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