Compare FastAPI and TurboGears

Fast API is a high-performance web framework for building web applications with Python 3.6+ based on standard Python type hints. It is designed to be high performance and easy to learn.

TurboGears was born as a full stack layer on top of Pylons, and many other disparate libraries and middleware. It is now a standalone WSGI web framework designed around MVC architecture inspired by Ruby on Rails and provides all the features developes need for web development. It can also run in minimal mode and act like a microframework such as Flask.

Let's see how FastAPI and TurboGears compare on various factors and features and which to choose when.

FastAPI

TurboGears

Overall

Type

Type
Minimalistic framework based on starlette and pydantic for building fast web applications using async IO.
Type
A full-stack web application framework for Python.

Author

Author

Release Date

Release Date
2018
Release Date
2005

License

License
License

Website

Website
Adoption and Ease of Use

Popularity [?]

Popularity [?]
New addition to the Python web frameworks family but its popularity is on the rise.
Popularity [?]
0.5 Star
Used by 500 projects.

Used by

Used by
Uber (internal use,) Explosion AI, Microsoft (internal use)
Used by
Used at SourceForge, Fedora Community and other smaller companies.

Jobs [?]

Jobs [?]
1.5 Stars
100 job openings which list Fast API as a requirement.
Jobs [?]
0 Stars
3 job openings which list TurboGears in the job description.

Performance [?]

Performance [?]
5 Stars
High performance.
Performance [?]
2.5 Stars
Not as performant as barebones or even fullstack frameworks. Extensions could impact performance adversely.

Flexibility

Flexibility
5 Stars
Fast API is flexible to code and doesn't restrict users to a particular project or code layout.
Flexibility
4.5 Stars
Developers can use TurboGears as a microframework which is very flexible. However, as you start building towards a fullstack solution, it does expect things to be done in a certain way.

Ease of Learning

Ease of Learning
4.5 Stars
Easy to learn especially for people who are new to web development. However, it doesn't have a large number of online resources, courses and tutorials.
Ease of Learning
5 Stars
Has a learning but since it uses a lot of exisitng 3rd party libraries it becomes are little easier to onboard. It also has a decent amount of tutorials online.
Database Support

RDBMS Support

RDBMS Support
Through Plugins or Extensions
Through Plugins or Extensions
FastAPI doesn't come with built in ORM, however is compatible with SQLAlchemy, Pydantic ORM mode.
RDBMS Support
Built-in Support
Built-in
Ships with SQLAlchemy with Master Slave load Balancing. Before TurboGears v2, the ORM used as SQLObject.

NoSQL Support

NoSQL Support
Fast API supports many NoSQL databases like MongoDb, ElasticSearch, Cassandra, CouchDB and ArangoDB. Read more here.
NoSQL Support
Supports MongoDB out of the box using Ming ORM. Ming ORM was developed to look like SQLAlchemy so it's easier for developers familiar with SQLAlchemy to start using it.
Web & Core Features

Admin Dashboard

Admin Dashboard
Built-in Support
Built-in
Yes, uses Swagger as an API documentation web user interface.
Admin Dashboard
Built-in Support
Built-in
Built-in admin panel.

REST Support

REST Support
Yes, allows developers to build REST APIs quickly.
REST Support
Built-in support using tg.controllers.RestController. Read this guide to implement.

Security

Security
FastAPI provides several tools for many security schemes in the fastapi.security module. Not enough data.
Security
Little built-in protection. Must be handled by developers themselves or by using 3rd party extensions.

Templating Library

Templating Library
FastAPI supports Jinja2 for templating and also supports aiofiles for serving static files
Templating Library
Ships with internally developed Kajiki templating engine, but supports multiple templating engine including Genshi.

Web Forms

Web Forms
Ships with it's own Forms, with basic features.
Web Forms
TurboGears relies on ToscaWidgets2 for building and validating forms.

Authentication

Authentication
Fast API supports OAuth2, JWT and simple HTTP authentiation.
Authentication
Ships with repoze.who which is an authentication and identity framework for WSGI applications. Read more here.

Testing

Testing
Testing
Using Nose. Read more here.

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