Arguments in Bash

You can pass arguments to your shell script when you execute it. To pass an argument, you just need to write it right after the name of your script. For example:

./devdojo.com your_argument


In the script, we can then use $1 in order to reference the first argument that we specified. If we pass a second argument, it would be available as $2 and so on.

Let’s create a short script called arguments.sh as an example:

#!/bin/bash

echo "Argument one is $1" echo "Argument two is$2"
echo "Argument three is $3"  Save the file and make it executable: chmod +x arguments.sh  Then run the file and pass 3 arguments: ./arguments.sh dog cat bird  The output that you would get would be: Argument one is dog Argument two is cat Argument three is bird  To reference all arguments, you can use [email protected]: #!/bin/bash echo "All arguments: [email protected]"  If you run the script again: ./arguments.sh dog cat bird  You will get the following output: All arguments: dog cat bird  Another thing that you need to keep in mind is that $0 is used to reference the script itself.

This is an excellent way to create self destruct the file if you need to or just get the name of the script.

For example, let’s create a script that prints out the name of the file and deletes the file after that:

#!/bin/bash

echo "The name of the file is: $0 and it is going to be self-deleted." rm -f$0


You need to be careful with the self deletion and ensure that you have your script backed up before you self-delete it.